Niagara Region Public Health has advised that an extreme Cold Weather Alert will go into effect on on Sunday, Jan. 20, as temperatures are expected to drop below -15 C.
Stay warm and healthy by keeping these tips in mind:
Niagara Region monitors the daily weather reports and issues extreme weather alert notices for the community.
Local municipalities and organizations have policies to assist community members in dealing with extreme weather. For more information visit The Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care or contact your local municipality.
Residents are Reminded to Protect their Health
Stay in heated buildings as much as possible
Dress appropriately and cover exposed skin - Wear gloves, mittens and a scarf to protect the chin, lips, and cheek. Exposed skin can become frostbitten in 30 secondsWear a Hat - Up to 40 per cent of body heat loss can occur through the head
The Canadian Paediatric Society recommends keeping children indoors if the temperature falls below -25° C, or if the wind chill is -28° C or greater
Drink warm fluids but avoid caffeinated or alcoholised beverages, as they cause your body to lose heat more rapidly.
Wear clothes in layers: inner layer, middle layer, and outer layer
Keep moving. Limit time sitting - stand up and move around
Take shelter from the wind - this can reduce wind chill exposureUse caution when shovelling snow, especially for those that have heart, respiratory (breathing) problems or other medical conditions. Snow shovelling is strenuous and can cause an onset of heart or respiratory problems.Check on neighbours who may be at risk
Health Risks of Extreme Cold
The following groups are at risk during a cold weather alert:
Infants (under 1 year)
People 65 years of age or older
People without permanent shelter
Sport enthusiasts (skiers, ice skaters)
People living in homes that are poorly insulated or without heat
People living in homes without power
Know Symptoms and When to Get Help
Hypothermia Symptoms/signs include: shivering, exhaustion, confusion, fumbling/uncoordinated movements, memory loss, slurred speech, drowsiness
Frostbite Symptoms/signs include white/grayish skin area, skin that feels unusually firm or waxy or numbness
Consult a healthcare provider if you experience any of the above symptoms.
Extreme Cold Weather Criteria
Temperatures fall below -15° CWhen weather conditions are severe enough to warrant alerting the community to the risks involved with prolonged exposure to the outdoors (blizzard, wind chill warning)